Comparison of ALUBOND FR A2 and ALPOLIC®/fr Fire Resistant ACM Panels

Comparison of ALPOLIC®/fr and ALUBOND FR A2 Fire Resistant ACM Panels

Alubond FR A2 compared to Alpolicfr ACM Panel

Aluminum Composite Material (ACM) panels are essential in modern construction due to their adaptability and durability. This post compares two leading brands, Alubond and Alpolic, offering distinct advantages for diverse construction needs.

PropertyStandard/UnitAlubond 3mmAlubond 4mmAlubond 5mmAlubond 6mmAlpolic 3mmAlpolic 4mmAlpolic 6mm
Thickness (mm)3456346
Weight (Kg/m2)6.281011.64.545.477.32
Sound Transmission Loss (dB)ASTM E413, ASTM E902626252626
Fire PerformanceReaction to Fire/Flame SpreadClass AClass AClass AClass APassPassPass
Thermal Conductivity (W/m.k)0.14160.2199
Flexural Rigidity (kNmm2/mm)ASTM C 393110203285395
Tensile Strength (MPa or N/mm2)ASTM E856433629
0.2% Proof Stress (MPa)ASTM E847413426
Elongation (%)ASTM E84.83.83.82
Flexural Elasticity, E (GPa)ASTM C 3934538.532.530
Thermal Resistance (M2 K/W)0.0310.070
Linear Thermal Expansion (mm/m @ 100°C)EN 1999 1-1
Deflection Temperature (°C)ASTM D 648
Temperature Resistance (°C)
Reaction to FireEN 13501-1A2, S1, d0A2, S1, d0A2, S1, d0A2, S1, d0
Self Ignition Temp (°C)ASTM D 1929≥ 343≥ 343≥ 343≥ 343

Not all parameters could be directly compared with Alpolic as some specific measurements are not available in the Alpolic technical specifications document.

4 Reasons Why Fire Spreads In a Typical LDPE Core ACP Cladded Building

4 Reasons Why Fire Spreads In a Typical LDPE Core ACP Cladded Building

LDPE core ACP cladding

  1. Ignition of Foam Backer Rod and Polyethylene Sealant: The foam backer rod and polyethylene sealant are among the first ignited materials. The fire can quickly spread through the continuous sealant and backer rod. The presence of bitumen paint, which is highly flammable, can accelerate this process.
  2. Cavity and Lack of Barrier: The sealed façade creates a cavity that lacks adequate fire-stopping measures, such as cavity barriers. This configuration can act like a chimney or a tunnel, enabling the fire to spread rapidly upward through the building.
  3. Melting of LDPE Core and Aluminum Skin: The LDPE (Low-Density Polyethylene) core of the aluminum composite panel melts at high temperatures, and the molten droplets can fall and spread the fire further. The aluminum skin also melts, contributing to the spread of fire.
  4. Fire Spread Aided by External Factors: The fire can spread from the back and the front of the façade, driven by external winds and architectural cavities. This spread is further fueled by the droplets of molten LDPE and debris from burning panels, which can ignite other flammable materials nearby.



Comparison of ALPOLIC®/fr and ALUCOBOND® PLUS ACM Panels

Alpolic fr compared to Alubond ACM Panel

ALPOLIC®/fr and Alucobond Plus ACM panels offer robust solutions for architectural needs with fire-resistant properties. While both products are coated with high-quality, durable finishes, ALPOLIC®/fr uses a Lumiflon® FEVE resin coating for a wide range of colors and glosses, and Alucobond Plus uses PVDF or FEVE coatings conforming to high standards for environmental friendliness and weather resistance. Alucobond Plus, with its 5005 marine grade alloy, is particularly noted for its suitability in projects close to water​.

FeatureALPOLIC®/frAlucobond Plus
Core MaterialMineral-filled thermoplastic coreMineral-filled fire-resistant core
Thickness Options (mm)3, 4, 6mm3mm/4mm/6mm
Aluminium Skin Thickness0.5mm (both sides)0.5mm (both sides)
AlloyNot specifiedAlMg1 NS41 (EN AW 5005A equivalent)
FinishFluorocarbon paint finish; Solid, Metallic, Sparkling, PatternsFluoropolymer (PVDF or FEVE) coating
Fire RatingPasses most countries’ fire-safety codesEN 13501-1 class B-s1,d0
ApplicationsExterior and interiorSuitable for buildings over 18m, diverse applications
Additional FeaturesLightweight, rigid, flat, die coater for uniform coating, variety of finishesWeather-resistant, eco-friendly coatings, fully recyclable, wide range of finishes

Comparison of ALPOLIC®/fr and ALPOLIC™ A2 ACM Panels

Comparison of ALPOLIC®/fr and ALPOLIC™ A2 ACM Panels

Alpolic fr compared to Alpolic A2 ACM Panel

Both ALPOLIC®/fr and ALPOLIC™ A2 ACM panels offer fire-resistant capabilities, but the ALPOLIC™ A2 is specifically highlighted for its non-combustibility and suitability for high fire safety requirements.
The ALPOLIC®/fr ACM panel provides a broader range of finish options and customization in terms of dimensions.
ALPOLIC™ A2’s include a classification for the highest fire safety standards and the ability to supply up to a width of 2m.

Core MaterialMineral-filled thermoplastic coreNon-combustible mineral polymer core
ThicknessStandard 4mm; custom thickness availableStandard 4mm
Finish OptionsWide range including metallic, mica, prismatic, multi-color, stone and timber effects, decorative metals, and moreSolid Colors, Metallic Colors, Sparkling Colors, Prismatic Colors, and Patterns
Fire RatingFire-resistant, IBC-listed for compliance with many fire codes worldwideClassified for fire class A2 – s1, d0; non-combustible
ApplicationsExterior fire-resistant cladding, interior panels, architectural claddingExterior and interior cladding, roof covering, especially suitable for high fire safety requirements
CertificationsIBC-listedMeets requirements of fire class A2 – s1, d0 according to EN 13823, EN ISO 1716, EN 13501-1
SustainabilityInformation not specifiedInformation not specified
Panel DimensionsWidths of 1,270mm (50″) and (1,575mm) 62″; lengths of 3,708mm (146″) and 4,980 (196″); custom sizes availableWidth up to 2m; length max. 7,300mm
CoatingsFluorocarbon (LUMIFLON® FEVE resin)LUMIFLON™ or DURAGLOSS® 5000 coatings for color stability and resistance to environmental factors

The 2024 List of Top 5 Aluminum Composite Material (ACM) Manufacturers in Canada

The 2024 List of Top 5 Aluminum Composite Material (ACM) Manufacturers in Canada

Top ACM Panel Manufacturers in U.S. and Canada

The demand for high-quality, innovative materials remains constant in the ever-evolving landscape of construction and architecture. Aluminum Composite Material (ACM) has become the preferred choice for architects, builders, and developers due to its versatility, durability, and aesthetic appeal, offering endless design possibilities.

The 2024 list of the Top 5 ACM Manufacturers

Our 2024 list of the Top 5 ACM Manufacturers in Canada showcases the companies setting the standards for quality, innovation, and environmental stewardship. These manufacturers offer a wide array of color and finish options and cutting-edge fire-resistant panels, shaping the future of architectural facades.

  • 3A Composites (ALUCOBOND)


Alubond is the world’s largest brand for Aluminum Composite Panels (ACP) and Metal Composite Material (MCM), with facilities in five countries. Alubond manufactures high-quality, fire-rated metal panels, including Solid Aluminum, FR-A1 Mineral Core, FR-A2 Mineral Core, FR Euroclass B, and other panels with a variety of metal skins, such as Galvanized Steel, Stainless Steel, Copper, Bronze, and Titanium.

Alubond’s extensive product line stands out for its unique features, including fire-rated aluminum composite panels, exotic finishes, corporate identity solutions, and façade systems. These offerings set Alubond apart in the market.
Alubond’s commitment meets international standards in its product offerings, which conform to rigorous quality specifications. Its project portfolio spans various applications, including high-rise towers, sports and recreation facilities, hotels, residential and commercial buildings, airports, and gas stations.


ALPOLIC® Materials, a division of Mitsubishi Chemical America, is a leader in metal composite material manufacturing. Focusing on metal composite materials (MCM) or aluminum composite materials (ACM) tailored for architectural applications, ALPOLIC® has more than four decades of industry experience.

The company signals its commitment to quality, sustainability, and customer support. Their products, known for quality, include a wide range of colors and finishes. ALPOLIC® Materials are made with up to 50% recycled materials in Chesapeake, VA, and are recognized for inspiring new aesthetics and design possibilities.

3A Composites

3A Composites is known for its Alucobond® and Dibond® aluminum composite materials . These products offer flatness, formability, durability, and ease of fabrication. Alucobond® ACM is available in thicknesses from 3mm to 6mm and a wide range of colors. This material is ideal for creating functional yet aesthetically pleasing walls, ceilings, and furniture and is versatile enough for use in transport and specialty vehicles.

Dibond® consists of two .012″ aluminum sheets bonded to a polyethylene core, providing a lightweight, durable, and versatile solution for various design needs. This material is particularly suitable for modern residential furniture, interior designs requiring radius features, and applications needing sound suppression or sleek surfaces.


Alcotex® has been an Aluminum Composite Material (ACM) cladding manufacturer since 2001. Beyond its flagship Reynobond® Composite Material, the company offers specialized products like 3mm Pre-Painted Bonded Sheets and Pre-Painted Aluminum Sheets. Their products are designed to provide performance and protection while ensuring efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability.
Alcotex® offers various colors and finishes, including solid colors, mica, metallic, and woodgrain textures. Alcotex® focuses on products that offer aesthetic appeal and practical benefits like UV resistance, weather resistance, and ease of fabrication.


Alfrex manufactures fire-resistant aluminum and metal composite materials in the USA.

Alfrex is best known for its Alfrex FR metal composite material, which combines the strength of aluminum with the fire resistance of mineral-filled core material.

In addition, Alfrex offers a range of other products, including Alfrex aluminum plates, which are widely used in architectural facades, roofs, and canopies. Alfrex’s 3mm thick pre-painted plates are another popular choice, offering superior color consistency and weather resistance.

In conclusion, this blog highlights the pivotal role of top Aluminum Composite Material (ACM) manufacturers in 2024. These industry leaders are setting new standards in sustainability and innovation, significantly influencing architectural designs. Their contributions are crucial for advancing construction materials technology, emphasizing the importance of choosing the right manufacturer for quality, durability, and environmental considerations in architectural projects.

What You Need to Know About Metal Siding (Weathering Steel/Corten Steel and Aluminum Siding)

What You Need to Know about Metal Cladding & Siding (such as Weathering / Corten Steel and Aluminum Siding)

Metal cladding & siding give your house a durable, low-maintenance, and visually stunning exterior. With their exceptional performance in various weather conditions, these materials offer long-term value for your home.

Upgrade your home’s exterior with the unmatched durability and modern aesthetics of weathering steel/corten steel and aluminum siding. In this article, we will address common questions about metal siding, from installation considerations to its benefits. Read on to learn more!

  1. What do you put under metal siding? To ensure proper installation and protection against moisture, it’s essential to have a suitable moisture barrier or insulation installed under the metal siding. This barrier helps to prevent water infiltration and acts as a thermal barrier, enhancing energy efficiency and reducing condensation.
  2. What is the life expectancy of steel siding? Steel siding is known for its exceptional durability. When properly maintained, it can have a life expectancy of 30 to 50 years or more. Factors such as climate, maintenance, and the quality of installation influence the longevity of steel siding 
  3. Is metal siding suitable for winter? Metal siding provides excellent protection and helps maintain a comfortable indoor environment during winter. Metal siding, including weathering steel/corten steel and aluminum, performs exceptionally well in winter. Its inherent strength and resistance to harsh weather conditions make it ideal for the Canadian climate.
  4. Do you have to paint metal siding? Weathering steel/corten steel has the unique characteristic of developing a protective rust-like patina over time, eliminating the need for painting. This natural patina adds visual appeal and acts as a protective barrier against corrosion. On the other hand, aluminum siding can be painted if desired, allowing for customization and color options.
  5. How often does metal siding need to be replaced? With proper maintenance and care, metal siding can last for several decades. The need for replacement depends on factors such as the quality of the siding, climate conditions, and regular maintenance. Weathering steel/corten steel is designed to weather naturally and develop a stable patina, while aluminum siding is known for its longevity and resistance to rust and corrosion.
  6. Does new steel siding increase home value? Yes, investing in new steel siding, such as weathering steel/corten steel, can increase the value of your home. The long lifespan of steel siding adds to its value, making it a wise investment for homeowners. Its modern and distinct appearance, durability, and low maintenance requirements make it an attractive feature for potential buyers.
  7. Does metal siding get hot? Metal siding can absorb and retain heat, especially when exposed to direct sunlight for extended periods. However, modern metal siding options, including weathering steel/corten steel and aluminum, are designed with advanced coatings and insulation properties that help minimize heat absorption. Proper insulation and ventilation in the wall assembly can further regulate temperature and improve energy efficiency.
  8. Does metal siding mold? Metal siding, being non-porous, is resistant to mold growth. Unlike some other siding materials, metal does not provide a food source or a favorable environment for mold or mildew to develop. However, ensuring proper installation and addressing any moisture-related issues is essential to prevent mold growth behind the siding.

Investing in weathering steel/corten steel or aluminum siding offers various benefits, including durability, aesthetics, and long-term value. Whether you want to enhance your home’s curb appeal or improve its performance during winter, metal siding is an excellent choice. 

Metal cladding & Metal Siding Installation Steps (the correct way to install)

Modern Decorative Metal Fenece

10 Modern Metal Fence Styles - Most Popular Choices

A beautiful and suitable decorative metal fence for your garden will make an objective statement! The perfect decision for metal fencing for your garden will be the one that will be functional and complement your style. This article provides some of the most popular choices among the modern metal fence styles you can use for your garden and make your home stand out in your neighborhood.

Best Applications for Modern Metal Fence Styles

You can use modern metal fence styles for various indoor and outdoor applications. Different ornamental metal fences are available to choose from and upgrade your home's interiors and exteriors. However, the primary applications for contemporary metal fence panels are:

  • Garden Wall Art
  • Facades
  • Garden Fencing
  • Oil or Water Tank Screens
  • Backlit Features Enhancement
  • Deck Privacy
  • Interior Wall Design and Decoration
  • Separating and Defining Outdoor Spaces

Why Should You Use Decorative Metal Fence Panels?

Generally, metal fence panels offer various benefits for homeowners. However, modern metal fence styles provide additional advantages with a more considerable array of beneficial characteristics. Professional architects and designers always recommend using decorative metal fence panels with contemporary styles as they know they can create an extraordinary appearance for their client's houses with these products.

Advantages of Modern Metal Fence Styles

  • You can improve your home's outdoor privacy while offering aesthetics with modern metal fence styles.
  • Ornamental metal fences provide protection against environmental elements. For example, during summer, metal fencing can be used to reduce UV light levels and heat.
  • Modern ornamental metal fencing offers ventilation and shade.
  • Modern metal fence styles will intensify the aesthetics of your interiors and exteriors.
  • Modern metal fences are durable and do not require complex and regular maintenance compared to wood fences. Most modern fences, such as those made from aluminum composite panels, are corrosion resistant.
  • Current metal fences are way more affordable than traditional materials such as brick walls and wood fences.

With modern metal fence styles, you can have contemporary-looking, safe, and creative interior and exterior designs while saving considerable money.

Modern Decorative Metal Fenece
Modern Decorative Metal Fence Styles Can Turn Your Home Into Something Extraordinary

Let's See Which Modern Metal Fence Styles Are the Most Popular in Canada

Now that you know the advantages of decorative metal fence panels, let's take a look at the best modern metal fence styles that are very popular in Canada. Each type has its unique characteristics and offers a different appearance and feel to your home interiors and exteriors. However, it would be best to remember that you are not limited to these styles and designs.

1- Modern Metal Fence Styles with Iron

Modern metal fence styles made with wrought iron are one of the most popular fences in Canada and are alternatives to aluminum fencing. These fences offer ventilation while protecting your property.

Wrought iron metal fences are the most traditional fencings that are very durable and beautiful. Designers combine modern and traditional styles with wrought iron fencing, creating attractive fencing for your homes.

The only drawback of these decorative metal fences is that they involve repainting frequently. If you don't know which metal would be better for your home, learn more about aluminum vs. wrought iron metal fences.

2- Decorative Metal Fence with Gabion Wall Design

Another popular decorative metal fence in Canada is the gabion wall design, a retaining wire wall filled with stones. Most architects combine these fences with wood posts or panels for a more attractive and warmer feel.

In these modern metal fences styles, choosing beautiful stones such as large cobblestones or local rocks is crucial to give the area a unique appearance.

3- Decorative Fencing Idea with Climber Wall Style

One of the best ways to make your home look perfect during all seasons is using climber-wall decorative fencing. You can add plants and flowers to these modern metal fence styles. However, if you want to have plants on the fences, you need to ensure that they are sturdy enough to withstand their weight without causing problems.

4- Modern Metal Fence Styles with Horizontal Panels

If you want to make your home look as contemporary as possible by using modern metal fence styles, you need to consider using horizontal panels with dark colors. Dark-colored metal fences will look perfect next to the green lawn, matching modern architecture.

5- Mixture of Metal Panels with Bamboo Fence

You can use metal fences as frames for bamboo stalks. For this decorative metal fence, you will need a concrete base to anchor the panels. The combination of metal fences and bamboo stalks is a lightweight, beautiful fence that will let enough light come through and prevent dark shadows.

Bamboo has rich light green and straw hues that blend well in any modern or traditional backyard. This fencing is highly recommended if you have tropical plans or accessories in your garden.

6- Geometric Modern Fence Style with Metal and Solid Concrete

We recommend combining solid concrete with iron or aluminum fence panels if you want a modern metal fence style. Remember that in these ornamental metal fences, you must create a geometric pattern to make it look stunning.

Generally, you will use solid concrete for this style is gray with geometric gaps and lines. These gaps also allow air and light to pass through the fencing.

Although installing decorative metal fence panels is not that hard, these modern metal fence styles require professional installation.

7- Hand Made and Cheap Decorative Fences

You can create beautiful and modern metal fence styles with the simplest metal sheets and plates. One of the best ways to make custom, simple, and cost-effective modern fences is to cut sheet metals into equal and separate pieces and then use welding services to connect the panels.

8- Modern Metal Fence Styles with Horizontal Stained Panels

Most of the fences that are installed in gardens are constructed with vertical panels; however, horizontal metal panels are an interesting alternative. The secret to these modern metal fences is choosing the gap width between the panels.

9- Combination of Wood and Corrugated Metal Fences

When architects want to create modern building designs with a touch of classic and traditional styles, they combine metal and wood since metal is an industrial, modern, and cold material. In contrast, wood is natural and warm material.

The best thing about wood and metal fences is that they have the durability of metal and the aesthetics of wood. With this said, these modern metal fence styles are considered the most popular in Canada.

10- Simple Metal Fences

Sometimes the simple choice is the best. So, suppose you want to have a minimal and beautiful home. In that case, it is recommended to buy decorative metal fences that are as simple and minimal as possible to complement your minimalistic home design.

CORTEN Steel Metal Fence
Decorative Metal Fence Made from CORTEN Steel Panels

What are the Best Materials for Modern Metal Fences?

Manufacturers produce decorative and modern metal fences from various metals. Here are some of the best materials manufacturers use to provide durable and beautiful metal fencings.

Modern Metal Fence Styles with Aluminum

Aluminum is one of earth's most versatile, durable, and found metals. So, it is easy to make decorative metal fences with aluminum. These fences are incredibly durable, corrosion-resistant, and lightweight. The lightweight characteristic of aluminum fences makes their installation more accessible than other metals.

Metal Fencing with Corten Steel Panels

Corten steel, also known as weathering steel, is a unique construction material that forms a green patina when exposed to humidity and air over time. Decorative metal fences that are made from Corten steel can turn your garden into something extraordinary and attractive. These metal panels are popular since they do not need maintenance and offer a beautiful appearance.

Metal Fence Panels with Wrought Iron

As told, wrought iron fencing is a classic type of metal fencing, but it is still one of the most popular ones. However, maintaining wrought iron fences is considered hard, and since it has a classic appearance, it may attract people obsessed with traditional style fences.

Metal Fences with Copper

Among aluminum and Corten steel, copper is also a durable and long-lasting material that is perfect for modern metal fence styles. If you like your metal fencing to look special and unique, consider buying copper fences since they naturally form a greenish hue on their surface.

ACM Metal Fences

ACM panels or aluminum composite panels are one of the most modern construction materials which can be used for various applications, including cladding systems and metal fencing.

Aluminum composite panels are the most recommended materials for modern metal styles since they have a protective layer, are lightweight, versatile, fireproof, and have many other beneficial characteristics. Installing aluminum composite metal fences is very easy since they are one of the fewest materials considered zero maintenance.

stainless steel welding

Welding Stainless Steel Tubing - Simple and Practical Guide

Stainless steel is one of the most popular industrial metal materials due to its various advantageous characteristics. One of the best characteristics of stainless steel is its corrosion resistance making it the perfect choice for most critical tube and pipe applications. However, steel does not dissipate heat like other metals such as aluminum or mild steel, and poor metal welding methods will decrease its corrosion-resistant characteristic. For example, applying too much heat input and utilizing inappropriate filler materials are two common mistakes. So, as professional metal welders in Canada, we must help others improve their skills, and with this guide, you can learn welding stainless steel tubing basics.

The following techniques and tips are the best practices for welding stainless steel tubing and pipe and can improve results while ensuring that the metal maintains its beneficial characteristics. Furthermore, upgrading metal welding services can deliver productivity.

If you are new to welding systems, we recommend you reading Metal Welding Guide for Beginners.

Select a Low-Carbon Filler Metal for Welding Stainless Steel Tubing

Selecting filler metal for controlling carbon levels in stainless steel welding is crucial. The filler metal utilized for welding stainless steel tubing and piping enhances the weld properties and meets the client's requirements.

Remember that you need to look for a filler metal with an "L" designation such as ER308L since they provide lower maximum carbon levels helping the steel retain corrosion-resistant characteristics in low-carbon alloys.

It is crucial to avoid filler metals with an "H" designation since they have higher carbon content and are designed for projects requiring strength at high temperatures.

For welding stainless steel tubing and piping, choosing a filler metal with low trace or tramp elements is crucial. Tramps are residual elements in the raw materials used to make the filler metal which can affect steel's corrosion resistance characteristic.

stainless steel welding
Welding Stainless Steel

Pay Attention to Metal Weld Preparation

Stainless steel is susceptible to heat input. So, joint preparation and proper fit-up are crucial in controlling the heat to maintain steel's properties.

You need to add more filler metal and hold the welding torch longer in one spot if there are gaps or uneven fit-up between the parts. This will cause heat buildup in the focus point resulting in overheating the part. Poor fit-up can also cause other challenges, such as harder bridging between the gaps. So, for welding stainless steel tubing and piping, you must ensure the fit-up is perfect.

Moreover, cleanness is essential for the stainless steel welding process since minor contaminants or dirt in the joint can reduce the final product's strength and corrosion resistance characteristics.

Control Sensitization With Temperatures While Welding Stainless Steel Tubing

Sensitization is the primary cause of corrosion resistance reduction in stainless steel products. Sensitization can occur when cooling rates or weld temperatures fluctuate too much.

If you want to prevent sensitization, you need to be precise with selecting the filler metal and controlling heat input. Although it is essential to choose a low-carbon filler for welding stainless steel tubing, carbon is needed to provide strength in some cases.

You can minimize the time that the heat-affected zone and the weld are held at higher temperatures. This will decrease the heat buildup.

Understand How Metal Welding Methods Impact Corrosion Resistance Steel

Using the gas metal arc welding method (GMAW) is the traditional way of welding stainless steel tubing and pipes. However, some of the current metal fabricators use wire welding processes. For the stainless steel welding process, it is crucial to understand how various shielding gases can affect the steel's corrosion resistance characteristics.

Metal welders use a mixture of argon and oxygen, argon and carbon dioxide, or three-gas mixtures when welding stainless steel tubing with the GMAW method. Using pure argon with GMAW is not recommended.

Consider Using Different Processes for Welding Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes

Using modified short-circuit GMAW processes for the root pass eradicates the back purge in specific stainless steel applications. Pulsed GMAW can follow the RMD root pass or flux-cored arc metal welding fill and cap passes, saving time and money compared to the GTAW stainless steel welding method.

The pulsed GMAW welding stainless steel tubing process creates a shorter arc length, narrower arc cone, and lower heat input level than conventional spray pulse transfer. Since this stainless steel welding process is a closed-loop, arc wandering and deviations in tip-to-work distances are eliminated. This delivers more straightforward welding pool control for in-position and out-of-position stainless steel welding.

stick metal welding guide

Complete Metal Welding Guide for Beginners

Metal welding services are among the most needed metal fabrication systems in almost every industry, including outer space, ocean, construction, transportation, etc. So, the demand for learning this metal fabrication method grows day by day. If you are one of the talented people who want to learn to weld and seek a place to get the knowledge, you should read this article. This complete metal welding guide will teach you everything you need to know about the process, equipment, and applications. This guide is perfect for DIY welders and people interested in pursuing these metal fabrication services as a career.

What are Metal Welding Services?

Every metal welding guide should explain the process and how it works. Many manufacturers and professional metal fabricators in Canada use metal welding to create industrial products for different applications.

Metal welders create products by joining two pieces of metal with other molten material or melting the metal surface and then joining them. Although this metal fabrication method sounds simple, there are many techniques you can use to complete the job.

The most common method or class is metal arc welding which is the best for starters who want to learn this practical metal fabrication system.

Arc metal welding is a primary category in the metal fabrication industry, and it encompasses many methods, including:

  • Stick Welding
  • Metal Inert Gas (MIG) Welding
  • Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) Welding

In this complete metal welding guide, you will learn the basics of all methods above.

stick metal welding guide
Stick Metal Welding System

Stick Metal Welding Guide

Stick metal welding systems are also known as shielded metal arc welding or SMAW. They are among the most traditional and commonly used techniques in the industry due to their simplicity.

Unlike MIG and TIG metal welding systems, stick welding is suitable for outdoor applications since it is not affected by the wind.

Stick Metal Welding Basics

The stick metal welding process creates an electric arc between the metal electrode and the workpiece. The electrode current melts the electrode and forms a weld pool on the workpiece.

Welding electrodes have flux coating, which guards the weld pool against contamination or corrosion after it is melted. In MIG and TIG methods, a shielding gas is used to protect.

The electrode's flux melts and forms a slag layer over the bead, and it should be chipped off once the weld is cooled down.

Advantages of Stick Welding Method

A complete metal welding guide is not completed without the advantages and disadvantages of each method. Here are the primary benefits of the Stick Metal Welding method.

  • Stick welding is portable.
  • You can use this method on thick metal pieces.
  • A Stick metal system is not heavy, and you can easily transport it to other locations.
  • You don't need a wire feeder or any other equipment.
  • If you want to practice a metal welding guide or do the job in outdoor areas, the stick method is the best.
  • Learning stick metal welding is more straightforward than the TIG method.
  • You can perform this metal fabrication system on every metal surface.

Stick Metal Welding System's Disadvantages

Here is the list of the main disadvantages of the Stick metal welding system that you need to know.

  • Although it is easy to learn stick welding, this metal fabrication method requires greater skill levels for professional jobs than MIG since you need to keep the electrode at a certain distance from your workpiece.
  • The Stick metal welding method generates a lot of spatter and slag, creating some challenges for you.
  • Your work efficiency may decrease since you will need to clean the slag.
  • Stick welds are not as high-quality as TIG welds.

Metal Welding Guide for Stick Setup

Setting up your stick welder is an easy task since the system itself is simple compared to other welding methods.

Remember that the polarity setting is influenced by the electrode type you use for the project. So, make sure to double-check whether DC+/DC-/AC is involved.

We recommend beginning with a 6013-electrode using DCEN on a steel metal sheet with a considerable thickness for practicing this metal guide.

Apply Your First Weld With Stick Method

Set up your welding according to the manual, and double-check to see if all settings are accurate.

After you set up the welding system, you can position some scrap metal plates or pieces with a suitable thickness to create your first butt weld.

Since you will need experience creating high-quality welds with the Stick metal welding method, we recommend you practice this method on scrap steel pieces and then go for real projects.

The most challenging part of learning this metal fabrication method is a striking electrode to create an arc. You can master this stage with constant practice.

mig metal welding system
MIG Metal Welding Systems

MIG Metal Welding Guide

MIG metal welding is another metal fabrication method that is also known as Gas Metal Arc Welding or GMAW.

MIG is one of the most popular metal welding systems since it is the easiest method for newbies. It is perfect for home repair projects and welding auto parts. Additionally, manufacturers use this welding method to produce various building materials such as decorative metal fences.

This method is generally used for joining low-alloy steels. An arc is generated between the workpiece and the wire electrode in the MIG metal welding system, which melts the electrode and creates the weld joint.

You can feed the wire electrode with an electrode gun quickly and accurately. The electrode gun is linked to the welding machine. Additionally, the electrode gun releases-controlled amounts of shield gas to protect the weld pool from corrosion.

The Advantages of MIG Metal Welding System

Like other metal welding systems, MIG welding offers various benefits for the welders, which are:

  • Productivity: The primary benefit of the MIG metal welding system is its high productivity and low clean-up requirements. You do not need to replace electrodes in this system. So, MIG is a more productive welding method than the Stick system.
  • Low Costs: You can purchase a good MIG welding machine for less than $480. There are various MIG machines that you can choose for your job. Then, spend a small amount on wire electrodes and gas to start this welding method.
  • Simple Learning and Installing: Anyone can start learning MIG welding techniques since it is easier than other methods. So, MIG is the best choice for DIYers or home welders. You can set up your system in a few minutes and start your fabrication.
  • High Quality: The result of the MIG welding system is clean and reliable. The welder does not have to chip away slag, and the weld is very accurate since welders use both hands to control the welding gun. The MIG system allows you to change the feed rate easily by adjusting the voltage offering a flexible and versatile process.

Metal Welding Guide for MIG Techniques

There are two techniques that you can use for MIG metal welding. Here is the metal welding guide for MIG methods.

  • Forehand Technique
  • Backhand Technique

You need to push the weld using your forehand in forehand. You will have to place the welding gun at a 10-degree angle for the best results. Remember that the electrode should face the direction you want to weld.

In the backhand or pulling technique, you will move the weld gun toward your body with your backhand. You should use the same angle as the forehand technique.

TIG metal welding guide
TIG Metal Welding Systems

TIG Metal Welding Step by Step

The last method of this metal welding guide is tungsten inert gas welding which is called the TIG. In this method, the welders use a tungsten electrode to create an arc that heats the workpiece to its melting point.

You should direct the shielding gas at the weld pool to keep it safe from environmental threats. The TIG metal welding system is known as the highest quality method.

However, since you will have to hold the TIG torch with one hand and feed the filler substance with your other hand, it could be the most challenging method for you.

The tungsten electrodes used in the TIG metal welding method are non-consumable. Additionally, this is a versatile welding method since it is perfect for various metals, including stainless steel, nickel, aluminum, copper, magnesium, gold, etc. Most manufacturers use TIG welding for modern materials such as an aluminum composite panel.

Since this welding system does not rely on flux substances, there will be no danger of corrosion created from the flux. Additionally, there will be no slag which will offer you an efficient working process.

If your project requires a perfect appearance, it is better to use the TIG metal welding method to create clean welds.

Metal Welding Guide for TIG Techniques

The TIG welding system can be done in two modes:

  • Automatic
  • Semi-Automatic

In the semi-automatic method, you will configure gas flow and the current setting and then control the filler rod and the electrode.

In the automatic TIG welding system, you will configure the arc length, flow rate, filler rod position, and travel speed.

How to do the TIG Welding?

First, you need to turn on the gas flow from the cylinder. You can regulate the gas flow by the valve which is located on the torch. Hold the welding torch above the welding area and remember not to touch it.

Press the foot pedal and develop the arc between the workpiece and the tungsten electrode. With this, you will melt the filler substance and create the weld pool on the metal piece. After the weld pool is solidified, the weld joint will be created.

Aluminum vs. Wrought Iron Metal Fence

Decorative metal fences and privacy screens are inseparable components of any house or commercial facility. With decorative fences, you make your facility a safer and more beautiful place for living. You can use these essential components for various purposes, such as gardens, entrances, and even windows. Privacy screens and metal fences are made with various materials. Two of the most common fencing materials are Aluminum and Wrought Iron Metal Fence. Now, which one is better for you? Are there any differences? Yes, there are, and you will know all of them in this article.

Wrought Iron Metal Fence Facts

Ornamental metal fences that are made from wrought iron are heavy metal fencing materials that are made up of gauge square tubing for their vertical pickets and feature punched channels on their horizontal rails.

If you are obsessed with traditional style and heavy-duty metal fences, wrought iron fences are the best for you. This strong fencing is excellent for facilities that require high-security settings, and it is perfect to be installed if you expect much wear.

Decorative metal fences that are made from wrought iron are stunning. These fencings are available in different sizes. However, they are typically wider than other materials, including aluminum composite decorative fences.

Wrought iron fencings typically come in a black powder coating and finish, and they require a bit of maintenance. The only drawback is that these metal fences will eventually rust over the years due to the outside environment exposure.

Advantages of Wrought Iron Metal Fence (h3)

  • Wrought iron decorative metal fences are perfect for facilities that require high-security levels.
  • Wrought iron ornamental fences are very sturdy and can last long.
  • Manufacturers can forge wrought iron easily and make beautiful decorative metal fences.
  • Wrought iron fencings can be used for various applications and usages.
  • Wrought iron fences work best when installed on flat terrain.
  • Iron metal fences can be ordered in various sizes.
  • Wrought iron metal fencing is perfect for extensive gardens.
  • You can create a classic or modern appearance for your home with wrought iron decorative fences.
  • This metal fencing does not require complex maintenance.

Aluminum Metal Fence Facts

Aluminum fences are available in multiple grades allowing you to choose the suitable metal fence for your home among several fencing grades. It would be best to select the rate equivalent to your security needs. Higher grade aluminum metal fences are better for facilities that require security.

Most aluminum decorative metal fences that are used for residential facilities come with standard vertical pickets and horizontal rails sizes. So, you can use these decorative metal fences in particular applications. However, another aluminum fencing is made from an aluminum composite panel, which manufacturers produce in various sizes and can be used for almost every application in your home. Additionally, depending on your home's security requirements, you can order aluminum fences with custom heights.

Aluminum metal fences are lightweight, and installing them is more accessible than wrought iron fences. These decorative metal fencings come with a powder-coated finish, and they do not rust, crack, chip, or even peel. However, most suppliers offer aluminum fencing with a limited lifetime warranty.

Benefits of Aluminum Metal Fences

  • Aluminum metal fences offer an easier installation process compared to other decorative metal fencings.
  • With a bit of experience and skillset, you can install them with a DIY approach.
  • Aluminum metal fencing provides the beauty of wrought iron metal fences while also offering lower costs.
  • If you want your home's fencing to be completely customized, aluminum fences are the best choice.
  • Most manufacturers and suppliers provide aluminum metal fences with various color and texture options. With these options, you can create a garden fence that will add greater visual appeal.
  • One of the most significant benefits of aluminum metal fences is that repairing them is extremely easy.
  • You can easily replace aluminum metal fences since they are lightweight.
  • Since aluminum is a flexible metal, manufacturers can use different metal fabrication methods to create the most beautiful fencings.
  • The best advantage of aluminum fences that makes them one of the most wanted materials in the construction industry is maintenance-free.

If you want to order or buy decorative metal fences, you can contact us through our email or phone number, and we will help you choose the best material for your garden or entrances.